Method 1 – Using a printer profile
This is the preferred method, and should be used whenever possible. It requires that you have a ICC printer profile matching your paper/printer (if you don't know what this is, don't worry). It's best if you have created such a profile yourself (this requires special measuring equipment or at least a well-calibrated scanner), but often (as in this case) the printer manufacturer have shipped some profiles with your printer driver (or have them available online for download).
The short version is: you set Photoshop to manage the colors, choose the profile for your printer/paper, and turn off all color management/adjustments in your printer. This is how it's done:
First, make sure your image is open in Photoshop, then go to File → Print.
My settings are as shown in this picture:
- Photoshop Manages Colors – This will give us full control of the color management.
- Canon MP610 series GL2 – This is the printer profile. Here it is very important to choose the correct one. The profile chosen should exactly match your combination of printer and paper. The naming of the profiles will differ between companies so in this example we will use the profiles made by Canon (they got installed automatically with my Printer driver). The naming convention by Canon here is horrible, don't blame me...
"Canon MP610 series GL2" simply means "A Canon MP610 printer using Canon Photo Paper Plus Glossy II and a quality setting of 2" .
The letters at the end indicate media type:
The number at the end indicate quality setting. Choose the lowest number available for your paper type (lower number means higher quality setting).
- MP – Matte Photo Paper
- PR – Photo Paper Pro
- SP – Photo Paper Plus Glossy
- GL – Photo Paper Plus Glossy II
- SG – Photo Paper Plus Semi-Gloss
- (There might be more, but Canon doesn't have a list anywhere to explain their abbreviations. See if the Canon-paper you bought sais what media type to select in the driver.)
- Relative Colorimetric (and Black Point Compensation) – Make sure it is set to this setting. If you experience loosing a lot of detail in saturated areas (out of gamut) you could try out "Perceptual" to see if this solves the problem. If you want slightly more accurate colors at the expense of potentially clipping your darkest areas, uncheck Black Point Compensation (also try unchecking it if your blacks look "washed out").
- When you have chosen your settings, click Print...
- In the Print dialogue, go to Preferences (make sure the correct printer is selected).
You now see the Printing Preferences for your Printer. This is equally important to choosing the correct profile. This screenshot shows the driver for the MP610, but might vary a bit between models. If you have another brand than Canon, it will look very different.
- First, choose the correct paper type. It must match the one chosen as your printer profile (and the paper you are actually printing on). In my example I use Photo Paper Plus Glossy II (GL).
- Set the Print Quality to the highest available setting. You may also choose Custom and set it manually to the number chosen in your profile (but High = lowest number available).
- Under Color/Intensity set it to Manual, and click Set... (4). This will take you to the dialogue shown below.
(Note that everything on the "Effects" tab should also be turned off if it's not already so.)
- Set Color Correction to "None". This assures us that the printer will not automatically try to adjust the image for you (wasting all your hard Photoshop work).
- You are now done. Click OK, OK, and Print.
Method 2 – Printer manages color | Final notes